Rule Interpretations and Case Book Situations

Ray Lameiro

(970) 690-2427

We encourage all participants in the sport of volleyball throughout the State of Colorado to submit their questions to the CVOA rules interpreter. If you are a coach, school, player, parent or official, we would love to hear from you.

Case Book Situations of the Month
(August 2020)



The libero for team S is discovered to be wearing jewelry in the first set and is issued an unnecessary delay (yellow card). In the fourth set, team S libero is attempting to replace a back-row player after a rally team S won. The libero goes onto the court to replace S5. However, S5 stops to tell the libero that she is rotating to the front row and cannot be replaced at this time. The libero now realizes she can't replace S5 and retreats back to the team S bench. The first referee issues another unnecessary delay (yellow card) to team S.

Correct procedure. Administrative cards (yellow or red) do not carry over from set to set. The first referee may issue another administrative yellow card in this situation (9-9-1).




The first referee whistles and signals for the pre-match conference.  The coach for team S does not present a roster to the second referee.  The referee's remind the coach from team S that rosters are due at the pre-match conference.  The coach from team S informs the second referee his roster is not available right now, but he will have it by the 11 minute mark in the timed warm-ups.  The officials assess a point/loss of rally with team S starting the match down 1-0. 
Incorrect procedure.  If the roster is not ready for submission during the pre-match conference, an unnecessary delay administrative yellow card is assessed to the coach (7-1-1, 7-1-1PENALTIES, 9-9-1a).


Case Book Situations

May 7, 2019


The personalized metal charms to the right are illegal based on the following:


Case book 4.1.5 Situation B: During warm-ups, a referee notices a player wearing (b) metal charms on shoelaces


Ruling (b) Illegal: Metal charms are considered jewelry and must be removed before a player can enter a match.

Personalized shoe charmsPersonalized shoe charms

Personalized Charms on shoesPersonalized Charms on shoes

September 18, 2019

Daith (Migraine) Piercings.


The CHSAA has ruled these as legal as long as the participant can provide a letter from CHSAA.


If the school/team cannot provide a CHSAA letter concerning allowing a player to participate, then they are ruled as jewelry and illegal. The participant/player may not compete until a CHSAA letter is provided to the officials' for the contest that evening.

Daith (Migraine) Piercings.
We have received a few inquiries surrounding the use of “Daith Piercings.”  The piercing is shown in a picture above.  The statement received from the National Federation of State High School Associations is as follows:
The NFHS has judged these devices to be jewelry.  They should not be worn if the sport indicates that jewelry is not allowed. 
The Sports Medicine Advisory Council considered the issue and cannot verify the premise behind the migraines.  It is not safe and should not be worn during activity.

CVOA Case Book Situations and Mid-Season Study Guides


Follow the links below to access previous year situations